Buhari who is not a quitter has been defeated in three elections before he returned to contest again in 2015 becoming victorious the fourth time, and bringing home the story of former United States president, Abraham Lincoln, who tasted several defeats at previous elections before becoming the president. In this report we take a look at how far Buhari has come to being Nigeria’s President in 2015.
Muhammadu Buhari (born December 17, 1942, Daura, Nigeria), Nigerian military leader and politician, who served as head of state in 1984–85 was elected Nigeria’s President-elect, 0n 31st March 2015.
Educated largely in Katsina, Buhari took military training in Kaduna as well as in Great Britain, India, and the United States. He was involved in the military coup that ousted Yakubu Gowon in 1975 and was appointed military governor of North Eastern state (now Borno) that same year. He was appointed federal commissioner for petroleum resources by Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo, who became military head of state when Gowon’s successor, Murtala Mohammed, was assassinated in 1976. By 1977 Buhari had become the military secretary at Supreme Military Headquarters, which was the seat of government. By September 1979 he had returned to regular army duties and commanded a division based in Kaduna. Although civilian government had returned to Nigeria in 1979 with the election of Shehu Shagari, dissatisfaction with dismal economic conditions and what the military perceived as corrupt politicians led to another military coup on December 31, 1983, and Buhari was chosen unanimously to be the new head of state.
Many of the economic problems that had existed under the Shagari administration also plagued the Buhari regime, and Buhari instituted austerity measures. He took a tough stance on corruption: during his tenure, hundreds of politicians and business officials were tried and convicted or awaited trial on corruption-related charges. His regime launched the “War Against Indiscipline,” a program which sought to promote positive values in Nigerian society, although authoritarian methods were sometimes used in the program’s implementation. In an effort to stop dissent against his policies, Buhari instituted restrictions on the press, political freedoms, and trade unionists.
Although many Nigerian citizens had initially welcomed Buhari’s efforts to root out corruption and improve societal values, the repressive measures employed by his regime, against a backdrop of continuing economic troubles, led to discontent. By August 1985 even the military had had enough, and on August 27 Maj. Gen.Ibrahim Babangida took control of the government. Buhari was detained in Benin City but was released at the end of 1988.
In 2003 Buhari ran for president and was defeated by the incumbent, Olusegun Obasanjo of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP)in an election which EU observers reported was marked by widespread irregularities. Buhari ran again in 2007 but was defeated by the PDP’s candidate, Umaru Yar’Adua, in an election that was strongly criticized by international observers as being marred by voting irregularities. Buhari also stood in the 2011 presidential election, which was praised for largely being transparent, free, and fair, but he again lost to the PDP’s candidate, incumbent Goodluck Jonathan.
In 2014 the All Progressives Congress (APC) party nominated Buhari to stand as its candidate in the 2015 presidential election. His reputation for being incorruptible and his military background made him an attractive candidate, whom many Nigerians hoped might be able to more effectively handle the threat posed by the Islamic militant group Boko Haram, whose violent acts had terrorized parts of the country in recent years. The March 28 presidential election had 14 candidates, although the real contest was seen as being between Buhari and Jonathan, who was again the PDP’s candidate. In what was Nigeria’s most closely fought election ever, Buhari garnered the most votes and declared victory. His win marked the first time that the incumbent president had been defeated in Nigeria.
He is married to Aisha Buhari and has eight children.
As 2019 beckons President Buhari and his team are planing to re-contest again.
Abubakar Atiku …
Atiku Abubakar; Ex-Vice President; Politician; Adamawa State Celebrity.
Atiku Abubakar was born on November 25, 1946 to a Fulani trader and farmer Garba Abubakar, and his second wife, Aisha Kande, in Jada village of Adamawa State.
Atiku Abubakar became the only child of his parents when his only sister died at infancy. Atiku’s father and mother divorced before his father died in 1957 and his mother remarried. Eventually, his mother died in 1984 of heart attack.
Atiku Abubakar could not start school when he ought to because his father was opposed to him obtaining western education. When his not going to school was noticed, his father was arrested and jailed until he paid a fine.
Consequently, Atiku Abubakar got registered into Jada Primary School at the age of eight. After his primary school, Atiku was admitted into Adamawa Provincial Secondary School Yola in the year 1960. He later finished his Secondary school in 1965 after he made Grade Three in West African School Certificate Examination.
Atiku Abubakar then proceeded to Nigerian Police College, Kaduna. He left the college for a work as Tax Officer in the Regional Ministry of Finance. Later he got admission to study at the School of Hygiene Kano in 1966. In 1967, he graduated with a Diploma. That same year, Atiku Abubakar was admitted for a Law Diploma at Ahmadu Bello University on a scholarship. He graduated in 1969 and got employed in the Nigerian Custom Service that same year.
Atiku secretly married his first wife Titilayo Albert, in December 1971, in Lagos, because her family was initially opposed to the union.Titilayo begot four children for him, Fatima, Adamu, Halima and Aminu. In January 1979 he married Ladi Yakubu as his second wife in order to expand the Abubakar family having been the only surviving child of his parents, and they had six children: Abba, Atiku, Zainab, Ummi-Hauwa, Maryam and Rukayatu.
In 1983 he married his third wife, Princess Rukaiyatu, daughter of the late Lamido of Adamawa and she gave birth to Aisha, Hadiza, Aliyu, Asmau, Mustafa, Laila and Abdulsalam.
In 1986, he married his fourth wife, Fatima Shettima and she gave birth to Amina (Meena), Mohammed and two sets of twins Ahmed and Shehu, Zainab and Aisha, and Hafsat. Atiku Abubakar eventually divorced Ladi, this made room for him to marry, Jennifer Iwenjora who later changed her name to Jamila Atiku-Abubakar, and she gave birth to Abdulmalik, Zara and his youngest child, Faisal. Having been employed at the Custom Service, Atiku proceeded for further studies to both Police College and Custom Training School. After the studies, Atiku Abubakar was posted Idi-Iroko, a border town between Nigeria and Benin Republic. His assignments was to be in charge of the Lagos Airport, Apapa Ports, Ibadan Customs Command between 1974 and 1979. Later he moved to North and served in the Kano Command in 1976, then to Maiduguri ( as Area Comptroller) in 1977, from there to Kaduna in 1980 and back to the Apapa Ports in 1982. In 1987 Atiku was promoted to the post of a Deputy Director in charge of Enforcement and Drugs.
In April 1989, aged 43, Atiku voluntarily retired from Customs. At different times, Atiku engaged in different businesses, including real estate, agriculture, trading, buying and selling. Atiku’s business also includes a beverage manufacturing plant in Yola, as well as an animal feed factory. At the end of his Custom service, Atiku Abubakar met Shehu Musa Yar’Adua, who had been second-in-command of the military government that ruled Nigeria between 1976 and 1979. He then started attending political meetings with Shehu Musa Yar’Adua every now and then. In 1989 Atiku became the National Vice-Chairman of the Peoples Front of Nigeria, as such, he participated in the transition program initiated by Head of State Ibrahim Babangida. Atiku Abubakar was later elected to represent his constituency at the 1989 Constituent Assembly. Atiku won the primary election to contest for the gubernatorial election under the platform of Social Democratic Party in 1991 but was disqualified by government from contesting the elections. In 1992, Atiku was to contest in a presidential election, but stepped down for MKO Abiola.
In 1998 Atiku won election as the Governor of Adamawa State, but before his swearing-in, He was called by the PDP’s presidential candidate, Olusegun Obasanjo to be his running-mate. Obasanjo and Atiku eventually won the election on February 27, 1999, and Atiku became the vice president of Nigeria on May 29, 1999.
On December 20, 2006, Atiku Abubakar was chosen as the presidential candidate of the Action Congress (AC). After the election, Atiku Abubakar took third place, behind PDP candidate Umaru Yar’Adua and ANPP candidate Muhammadu Buhari, with approximately 7% of the vote (2.6 million votes).
In January 2011, Atiku contested for the Presidential ticket of People’s Democratic Party alongside President Jonathan and Sarah Jubril, and lost the primary. On February 2, 2014, Atiku left the Peoples Democratic Party and joined All Progressives Congress. On December 11, 2014, Atiku Abubakar contested for presidential ticket under the All progressive congress and lost to Munammadu Buhari who emerged the party’s presidential flag bearer.
Mr. Abubakar returned to the PDP last year (2016) after about three years in the All Progressives Congress. He is expected to run for the presidential ticket of the opposition party (PDP) for next year’s (2019) general elections.
Donald Duke is also one of the major key player who is likely to contest for office of the president in 2019.
Duke was born on September 30, 1961 at 16 Annesley Street, Calabar, Cross River State of Nigeria, to the family of Mr. Henry Etim Duke and Mrs. Genevieve Etim Duke. He is the fourth child in the family of five children. His father, Mr. Henry Duke, was the Chairman of the Board of Customs and Excise (now The Nigerian Customs Service) between the years 1967 and 1975. He was the governor of Cross River, Nigeria from May 29, 1999 to May 29, 2007.
Donald Duke was born in the East, grew up in the West where he had his early education (Corona and Saint Mary’s School in Lagos), he attended Secondary School (Federal Government Colleges (both Unity Schools) at Sokoto and Ilorin and thereafter returned to the Federal School of Arts and Science, Lagos for his ‘A’ Levels ) and University in the North and Middle Belt, received professional training back in the west and later enrolled in some of the best Universities abroad. He received his LLB degree in 1982 at Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria – Nigeria, and a BL in 1983 from the Nigerian Law School, Lagos. He went further for his LLM in Business Law and Admiralty in 1984 from the University of Pennsylvania. Having acquired sufficient grounding and exposure in academics, business and law practice in the United States, Donald Duke returned to Nigeria and teamed up with some colleagues to establish the Lagos based Law partnership of Onyia & Duke. Being in active law practice, he soon assumed full management of the family’s shipping business when he became Chief Executive of Hegeds International Limited. Donald Duke entered into public Governance for the first time In 1991 when he was appointed as a member of the Board of Directors of Voice of Nigeria. This was quickly followed by another appointment in 1992 when Governor Clement D. Ebri appointed him a member of the Cross River State Executive Council and Commissioner for Finance, Budget and planning. The appointment as Commissioner was unfortunately short lived due to the abrupt change in Government in November, 1993.
He returned to private life in the course of which he became the chairman of Allied Merchants & Brokers Limited, a sole Africa Franchisee for US-based Uncle Ben’s Rice. Duke later became the governor of Cross-River State. Duke has been praised for his contributions to the fields of agriculture, urban development, governance, environment, information and communication, unit investment and tourism. Through his work Calabar is seen today as the “cleanest city in Nigeria.”
He created the idea of Obudu Ranch International Mountain race and the race became one of the most lucrative mountain competitions in the world under his stewardship.
Donald Duke started Tinapa Resort project a way to boost business and tourism in the state. Over $ 350 million was spent on the initial development phase 1 before opening in April 2007. The BBC reported in September 2006 that Governor Duke was the only governor specifically mentioned as not being investigated by the Federal Commission on Economic and Financial Crimes. Donald Duke announced that he would run for president in the 2007 presidential election, but stepped aside for the eventual winner, Umaru Yar’Adua.
Duke is gathering momentum to contest in 2019.
Special report on Alistair Soyode.
Alistair Soyode is the Chairman of Europe’s 1st Ethnic media satellite company. He has never contested in any political post in Nigeria but has played a major role in the election processes in Nigeria for more than a decade; a feat he also showed and repeated in Europe. He was the former Chairman of Nigerians in Diaspora Organisation, an organisation responsible corporately for the well-being and the professionals of more than 10 millions Nigerians outside the country. He held the position from 2009 to 2011. Since then on the Nigerian project been involved as a member of the organisation’s elders and is the founder of Nigerians in Diaspora Mentoring Corp as his and other continual way of rendering their services to Nigeria for the benefit of mentoring the youthful and energetic civilians. Alistair is on the board of many national and international organisations.
His career in media is what the story-writers tagged as amazing. Coming from a humble background and no knowledge in media, he took it head on becoming the first Black person to launched the first ethnic media and at the time, the only Black oriented television company and channel with the sole aim of correcting the negative stories about the black race most especially his dear country Nigeria. It was in the dark-era of negative stories more than what is seen and heard as of today. Through his journey in the media world, global brand from Africa find it worthy to launched in Europe.
He started his educational path in a primary school in the Northern part of Nigeria been born in the North Central State of the country and completed his studies at Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic in Agriculture and Irrigation Engineering. He is equally a fellow of Institute of Public Administration (Lagos).
Alistair is noted by CNN to be an icon of the nation when he was used by CNN during Nigeria at 50th Golden jubilee independence celebrations. He is branded and reputed to have made his mark as the first in Africa and Black person who launched a media channel in the United Kingdom and Europe. His efforts and works are credited to have created an avenue for millions of black people to find their voices and be seen in an international television. The engagements also opened up better inter-community relationship between various communities as well as for millions of Nigerians outside the country.
To his credit are several achievements of innovative programmes and policies engaging Nigerians outside the country. He has participated in many events, conferences, seminars, workshops amongst others to market Nigeria’s opportunities to the world and using same attracts many back home to invests as well as be part and parcel of nation’s developments.
Many has also described him as the best thing to have happened to Nigeria as an icon of what is good about Nigeria and her people.
Alistair has without any doubt showed with hard work, one can achieve successes and has built in many Nigerians the believe that Nigeria need them to become the nation they all aspired for – better and greater. He has turned challenges to opportunities. Always seeing opportunities especially where resources abounds.
As an agriculturist, has been in the think-tank of lifting the system into mechanise farming and knows many in the industry whom has partnered them in remodelling the industry not only in Nigeria but outside the shore.
One thing that stands Alistair out is his simplicity and humility. A bridge and a builder. A man of the people, patriotic, knowledgeable with the mind of learning things as needed to galvanise and make our community united and stronger. He is young, well travelled, has massive network and knows what it takes to change things around wherever it is wanted with the best resources available or sourced.
He is the bridge. A man of the North and South. Fluent in few languages. Sporty, friendly, hospitable, flexible, accommodating, a technology proven person and creative in innovative ideas. He played a major role in giving the Nigerian Nollywood industry international awareness and well supportive to the emergence of many of Nigerians artistes and performers. In sport, acted as adviser to leading football names & icons especially the Premier league.
Our people will feel an energy of positive feeling to become bridge builders.
Alistair Soyode FCPA
(Entrepreneur, Community Leader, Mentor, Leadership Speaker & Media Specialist)
Founder and Chairman – BEN Television (Europe’s 1st Ethnic Satellite Channel)
Featured on CNN as an Icon for Nigeria at 50: CNN Nigeria’s 50th Anniversary Voice
International Mentoring Corp Commandant:
Former Chairman – Nigerians in Diaspora Organisation Europe
Convener – www.nigeriaarise.com
Watch out for part 2 with special report on Donald Duke.
Credits : Nigeria Biography, Premium Times, CNN.
Written By : Yemi Ajanaku,Ayoyemi Mojoyinola, Adeniyi Erinfolami.
08062153621 or 08089177751.